Who are the Maya and Where Did they Come From, Anyway?

In spite of their challenging terrain and vastness of their reach, the varieties in their languages and the serial interventions of conquistadors and modern opportunists, the Mayans keep their spirit, arts of fabric and design enriched and undiluted.

Ladies still do this ..It keeps their hair out of thier work
Ladies still do this ..It keeps their hair out of thier work
“Maya” is the common name for the massive cultural complex that once spanned almost 8 degrees of latitude and that after 3,000 years, still distinguishes itself in Mesoamerica. The indigenous Mayans live in linguistic bands from the South Mexico to the Yucatan coast.

The volute or caracol was Mayan-ese for
The volute or caracol was Mayan-ese for “eternity”
There are more than 28 Mayan languages still spoken in the lands between Mexico and Honduras. Much of the linguistic pattern has been revealed since the 1960’s  Like archeologists and anthropologists with their image libraries, comparative linguists study data bases of current structures and ancient origins of living languages.

Displaying characteristic Talud and Tablero structure and an unsightly incroachment on the top dating from the 1900s
Queretero ruin displaying characteristic Talud and Tablero structure and an unsightly incroachment on the top dating from the 1850s
The late arriving Uto-Aztecan language, Nahuatl, is said to have migrated south from the deserts of North America around the 7th century. After a few generations, this arty lingua franca became popular with singers and poets in the cosmopolitan, warring and continuously dominating Teotithuacan.  This city grew to become the largest in the Americas (and impressed the European invaders, too) by around 1200. The official home to the Aztecs/Mixtecs, today it is mostly buried under Mexico City’s metroplex.

At the time of the conquest. Nahuatl was spoken by Toltecs as far away as Yucatan and by Maya in the present day Quiche District of Guatemalan highlands. The words must have eased trading and, eventually might have brought the loose alliances of MesoAmerica into a working unit–   But, Nahuatl was too “foreign” to be used for local affairs and since there was no common currency –except, maybe, the Cocoa bean, even if it were desired, overt unification would never have been possible .

This Zapotec site in Oxaca spun off smaller sites during it's 1000 years.
Monte Alban, a Zapotec site in Oaxaca spun off smaller sites during it’s 1000 years.
Still, since preclassical times, disparate cities shared a remarkably uniform sense of time and place.  People knew the names for stars, planets and some contellations  and that they had a pantheon of angry gods – some of whom could only be appeased by human sacrifices. This cast of deity-characters adorned temples and public spaces and reified the mysterious force behind the ritual cycles.

Two cosmic ball players or a couple of kings dressed to look like the Twins who played ball in Xihbalba - underworld
Two Popol Vuh ball players or a couple of kings dressed to look like the Twins who played ball in Xihbalba – underworld
By the Classical period, kings and nobles, were about identifying themselves as priests, ballplayers and warriors and are seen all over walls and pottery from The Valley of Mexico to as far south as Copan…. These depictions displayed fundamental  references to ancient mythological gods and creatures and sometimes referenced historical figures – like King Pakal of Palenque.  Pottery survives better than bark books and can be traced.  One Teotitucan style took about twenty years before it was seen in far flung grave sites. The remains of architecture and art are used to date times when a technology or cosmogony was accepted into an area. But, What special goods or stories tipped a group from a customer base into a temple buddies?  Was it the ballgame with rubber from the Olmecs, predictive astronomy, improved agriculture, fancy warrior symbols or hallucinagenic plants or something else that moved the people to practice trade expansion, war and human sacrifice??

At Atzompa and beyond, nobles sat in the short ends of the “I” shaped court   betting on the (sort of sacred) action..
One theory for the distribution of complete “memes” was that the proto Maya were seafaring.  After all, the Vera Cruz Olmecs had both rubber and cloth. — Could they not have made water resistant sails or caulked portable “canvas” canoes and just taken off? Maybe the Mayas at Izapa invented the early calendar because they could see the Zenith Passage from their about 15° Latitude. Somehow, that homegrown knowledge was useful enough for traders to talk about.  It is possible that farmer’s knowledge of this unique viewpoint allowed the Maya to calculate how to produce two harvests a year with 120 day corn?  Agricultural surplus ushered in social stratification, then Kingship and Priests.

In spite of their challenging terrain and vastness of their reach, the varieties in their languages and the serial interventions of conquistadors and modern opportunists, the Mayans keep their spirit, producing fiber arts and built design — rich and undiluted.

Shown with skeletal form.. precureor to day of the dead..
Shown with skeletal form..
precursor to day of the dead..

The Integrative Health Project -Supports Acupuncturist’s Clinical Trial in Guatemala

The study is set to begin in two weeks pending final IRB board approval. Afterwards, the protocol could be made readily available in underserved areas where access to conventional treatment is unavailable or unaffordable. It could also be used in cases where the conventional treatment is contra-indicated or has unacceptable side effects. Joan has already given instruction in auricular acupuncture to more than 90 Guatemalan midwives, community health promoters and students. Acupuncture has been well accepted and popular in the community. Her work is supported in part by the Integrated Health Project.

04APR15
Panajachel, Guatemala

A New York based Acupuncturist is doing a Clinical Trial on Reducing Blood Glucose in Patients with Type Two Diabetes

This is the first time an auricular (ear) acupuncture protocol is being tested for this outside of China.

Joan Boccino, L.Ac. a doctoral candidate in Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine, is trying to determine if ten small needles inserted in both ears have any effect on blood glucose levels . The “ear only” or auricular point combination she will use is derived from published literature and a survey of practitioners in the field. It is similar to another ear protocol known as the “NADA Protocol.” That combination was originally developed in the context of drug detoxification treatment in the 1970’s. However, it proved so effective that it’s use has expanded for use in general wellness and stress reduction including PTSD. In the US it is used in private practices, community settings, hospitals and by the US military.

Joan developed #BoccinoProtocol with NADA in mind as the NADA protocol has historically been taught to community members who are not “medically trained” in addition to those within the healthcare field.

Dr. BOccino knows the immediate need for pragmatic intervention in diabetes since she has been working in the Mayan Highlands since 2011. In 2012 colleagues and senior students from the Pacific College of Oriental Medicine joined Professor Boccino in founding a mission that is still on-going at the Barbara Ford Center for Peace in Quiche. Last year, she brought a successful Traditional Chinese Medicine Jornada to the District of Solola.

This year, her study is being coordinated with the assistance of The Diabetes Club which will provide patients and office space for the research in Panajachel. The study’s criteria calls for patients with a history of blood glucose levels above +125 They also must have the ability to test blood glucose levels — two times a day for four consecutive weeks. Twenty participants will all be issued meters, materials and given instructions for recording their data prior, during and after the study. During the second and third weeks of the study they will receive the acupuncture treatment.

If this study is successful Joan can seek alliances with the Guatemalan government and educational institutions to discuss running a larger study. If results of that larger study are also successful, Joan can work with the appropriate agencies to develop a curricula of certification (and professional acknowledgement) for practitioners trained in this protocol.

The study is set to begin in April pending final IRB board approval. Afterwards, the protocol could be made readily available in underserved areas where access to conventional treatment is unavailable or unaffordable. It could also be used in cases where the conventional treatment is contra-indicated or has unacceptable side effects. Joan has already given instruction in auricular acupuncture to more than 90 Guatemalan midwives, community health promoters and students. Acupuncture has been well accepted and popular in the community. Her work is supported in part by the Integrated Health Project.

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Letter to American Institute of Philanthropy regarding Feed the Children in Guatemala

At the very least, Feed the Children seeks out host women, who will take less than minimum wage, provide space, and apparently other “favors” for their employees.

During 2013-14, I was embedded in Feed the Children Guatemala.

At the time, I was and continue to be connected to the indigenous Village of Patanatic –My friend and village leader, Rosa Garcia Garcia hosted and worked for FTC for almost 20 years.

According to the legal briefs filed on Ms. Garcia-G’s behalf, there is a sinister pattern in Feed the Children’s dealings with their host populations.  And, I know that the NGO has had internal problems with theft/ mismanagement of donor funds.  And, it appears there were sexual abuses. (In any case, Jose Albizurez –shown in the photo below – has been barred from FTC communities near the Capital for some reason)..  I know this because he was unable to drive me to the location and I walked in from the main road..

At the very least, Feed the Children seeks out host women, who will take less than minimum wage, provide space, and apparently other “favors” for their employees.

Last year, after pointedly slowing down the food and salary deliveries to Rosa Garcia Garcia for many months, an executive from the El Salvador office, Ricardo Candray, accompanied, Altagracia Hernandez, then the country director and  threatened Rosa that if she did not want to work for free, the NGO would find someone else.  Rosa’s board advised her to leave the organization.

For the last 3 months, FTC has failed to respond to Rosa’s lawyer’s formal complaints.

Last week Feed the Children ended around her and had an Act issued from the local municipality entitling them to retrieve kitchen supplies and 6 sewing machines and turn them over to an “unconstituted group.”

The “unconstituted group” believed, incorrectly, that Rosa’s charter would pass seamlessly to them.  This, even though not one of them was a signatory to the original documents required for legal  association.

NOTES: 

  1. One of the original petitions for Rosa was to have her documents returned…This has not happened.
  2. Furthermore, the FTC says it is Rosa’s fault she got paid poorly because she did not have a contract.

As the business of the Act had terminated, the women, who had come to the meeting, because they needed school supplies  joined the “unconstituted group.”

Soon, there came a moment when everyone in attendance was asked to disperse and adjourn to the new leader’s space, but the women refused to leave Rosa’s porch and insisted,

“We did not fight with Rosa, we don’t want to leave.”

So, Rosa graciously let the NGO distribute the backpacks on her property.

Then, the lawyer told FTC they needed to take the sewing machines and leave the space clear. To everyone’s suprize, the “unconstituted group” allowed that they did not have the space to store them.

So, now the NGO is asking Rosa to store the goods for the “unconstituted group” and, for the first time, the NGO will pay for the space. Meanwhile,  the “unconstituted group” must form a legal body at their own expense or with the support of the NGO — this should take a few weeks..

_____________

Backstory


In 2013 I was delighted to volunteer in Nicaragua, El Salvador and through Feed the Children’s communities in Guatemala.  My mission was to teach FTC office workers how to photograph the children.  After this tour, I stayed on working in the Zone 5 office and assisted in finding the new office — near the airport on Hincape..

I shared space and expenses on the country director’s apartment when I was in the Capital.  And all was well until she asked to borrow $2500USD “to liberate rice that was stuck in port.”  I told her the LOAN would be short term – less than two weeks- and she agreed.  After almost three months of threatening to report her she paid it back.  I believe that she often experienced shortfalls -in paying expenses for her family – and that, as an accountant and director, she knew how to cover  “loans.”

Ultimately the country director would be dismissed from the post without any charges.

My colleagues, who resigned or were fired have detailed evidence of theft, sexual misconduct and paternity.

Please let me know if you want further information.

Thanks,

dd

 Link to CharityWatch

Durante 2013-14, estaba incrustado en alimentar a los niños de Guatemala.

En ese momento, yo era y sigo para ser conectado a la aldea indígena de amigo Patanatic -Mi y líder de la aldea, Rosa García García organizó y trabajó para FTC por casi 20 años.

De acuerdo con los informes legales presentadas en nombre de la señora García-G, existe un patrón siniestro en los piensos para el trato de los niños con sus poblaciones de acogida. Y, sé que la ONG ha tenido problemas internos con el robo / mala administración de fondos de los donantes. Y, al parecer hubo abusos sexuales. (En cualquier caso, José Albizúrez –shown en la foto de abajo – le ha prohibido FTC comunidades cercanas a la capital por alguna razón) .. Lo sé porque no fue capaz de llevarme a la ubicación y caminé por la principal carretera ..

Por lo menos, Feed The Children busca a las mujeres de acogida, que tomarán menos del salario mínimo, proporcionar el espacio, y al parecer otros “favores” para sus empleados.

El año pasado, después de que deliberadamente ralentizar las entregas de alimentos y salarios a Rosa García García durante muchos meses, un ejecutivo de la oficina de El Salvador, Ricardo candray, acompañado, Altagracia Hernández, el director en el país y amenazó Rosa que si ella no quería trabajar gratis, la ONG sería encontrar a alguien más. El directorio de Rosa le aconsejó abandonar la organización.

Para los 3 últimos meses, la FTC no ha respondido a las quejas formales del abogado de Rosa.

Última semana Feed the Children terminó alrededor de ella y tenía una ley emitida por la municipalidad local que les da derecho a recuperar los utensilios de cocina y 6 máquinas de coser y entregarlos a un “grupo no constituido.”

El “grupo no constituido” que se cree, erróneamente, que la carta de Rosa pasaría sin problemas a ellos. Esto, a pesar de que ninguno de ellos era signatario de los documentos originales requeridos para la asociación legal.

NOTAS:

Una de las peticiones originales para Rosa era tener sus documentos devueltos … Esto no ha sucedido.
Además, la FTC dice que es culpa de Rosa ella se paga mal porque ella no tenía un contrato.
A medida que el negocio de la Ley había terminado, las mujeres, que habían llegado a la reunión, porque necesitaban útiles escolares se unieron al “grupo no constituido.”

Al poco tiempo, llegó un momento en que se le pidió a todos los asistentes a dispersar y suspender al espacio del nuevo líder, pero las mujeres se negaron a abandonar el porche de Rosa e insistió,

“No luchamos con Rosa, no queremos dejar.”

Así, Rosa amablemente dejó la ONG distribuir las mochilas en su propiedad.

Entonces, el abogado dijo FTC que necesitaban para tomar las máquinas de coser y dejar el espacio libre. Para suprize de todos, el “grupo no constituido” permitió que ellos no tienen el espacio para almacenarlos.

Así pues, ahora la ONG pide Rosa para almacenar las mercancías para el “grupo no constituido” y, por primera vez, la ONG pagará por el espacio. Mientras tanto, el “grupo no constituido” debe formar un cuerpo legal por su propia cuenta o con el apoyo de la ONG – esto debe tomar un par de semanas ..

_____________

Backstory
En 2013 yo estaba encantado de ser voluntarios en Nicaragua, El Salvador y por medio de alimentar a las comunidades de los niños en Guatemala. Mi misión era enseñar a los trabajadores de oficina FTC cómo fotografiar a los niños. Después de esta gira, me quedé en el trabajo en la oficina de la Zona 5 y ayudó en la búsqueda de la nueva oficina – cerca del aeropuerto en Hincape ..

Compartí espacio y gastos en el apartamento del director en el país, cuando estaba en la Capital. Y todo iba bien hasta que ella le pidió prestado $ 2500USD. “Liberar el arroz que estaba atrapado en el puerto”, le dije el préstamo sería a corto plazo – menos de dos semanas- y ella estuvo de acuerdo. Después de casi tres meses de que amenaza con denunciarla ella pagó de nuevo. Yo creo que ella a menudo se experimenta déficit -en pagar los gastos de su familia – y que, como contador y director, sabía cómo cubrir “préstamos”.

En última instancia el director en el país sería despedido del puesto de trabajo sin ningún cargo.

Mis colegas, que renunciaron o fueron despedidos tienen pruebas detalladas de robo, mala conducta sexual y la paternidad.

Por favor, hágamelo saber si desea más información.

gracias,

ddFTC-Jose

No. Not having a bad lair day.

The blog is an experiment..
okay?
So, from now until the end of January 2015 I am doing an online class with WordPress..
This MOOC provides assignments unlike those I would generate.

So, be not confused.
Travel tales, NGO snooping, Fund Raising, Mayans,Sports/Arts, Worrydolls and things Asian are still the meat and potatoes, here..

In fact we are readying for the Mah Jhong Journey to San Miguel d’Allende Mexico..compining traveling, ruins and things Asian in one..But that’s February…

Let’s go.
Rug4

So, why does the Dragoness emit verbal “selfies” instead of playing Candy Crush Saga?

I am still so full of opinions and meddlesome advices that if I did not write I would certainly seethe in my dotage. However, I live in a place where I had to learn a new language or two and I am amazed when I can transmit a thought. My artistic friends are as fun and fashionable as ever but …they happen to be indigenous Mayans – not New Yorkers.

This blog began life as a black box beaming back coordinates to a distant (receding) base. But the longer I drifted the more it became a message in a bottle – navigating flotsam and dolphins. Maybe I have given up on being rescued and hope to leave a trace… an actionable trace, please.

I am still so full of opinions and meddlesome advices that if I did not write I would certainly seethe in my dotage. However, I live in a place where I had to learn a new language or two and I am amazed when I can transmit a thought. My artistic friends are as fun and fashionable as ever but …they happen to be indigenous Mayans – not New Yorkers.

Swapping the Hudson for Lake Atitlan was shocking and necessary. For enough reasons, I could not afford to live in the US in the post 9/11 economy. In the weeks before I left, I fixated on the Deep Water Horizon oil spill. I can’t say how many day/nights I sat switching though the multiple cameras on the BP website and watching the robots dance even as the engineers failed. In that hot summer I would force myself out to walk 10,000 steps as I must and then, rush back to the danse macabre in progress. It was matricide live and in real time. So, when a friend responded to my request with a hook up to a volunteer opportunity in Guatemala I was on the plane in less than 24 hours. That was five years ago.

It turned out that the whole place was blooming with opportunities. But, the party did not begin until Rosa figured out how to use me. She began modestly. I would meet with 15 local kids on Saturdays. In the shortest time, they grew to be teens but Rosa has more…looks like more than 500 in three villages. Yes, she will keep me busy until they put the lid down and it is for this that I write, fume and ruminate. Go ahead, open the bottle.
—————-
000RoSa
Este blog nació como un cuadro negro radiante volver coordina a un (retroceso) de base distante. Pero cuanto más tiempo me quedaba más se convirtió en un mensaje en una botella – navegar restos y delfines. Tal vez he renunciado a ser rescatados y espero dejar una huella … una traza procesable, por favor.

Todavía estoy tan lleno de opiniones y consejos entrometidos que si yo no escribí Sin duda bullir en mi senectud.

Yo vivo en un lugar donde tuve que aprender un nuevo idioma o dos y me asombro cuando puedo transmitir un pensamiento. Mis amigos artísticas son tan divertido y de moda como siempre, pero … que se encuentren indígenas mayas – no los neoyorquinos.

Intercambiar el Hudson para el Lago de Atitlán fue impactante y necesaria. Por razones suficientes, no podía permitirse el lujo de vivir en los EE.UU. en la economía post 9/11. En las semanas antes de irme, obsesionado con el derrame de petróleo de Deep Water Horizon. No puedo decir cuántos días / noches me senté cambiar aunque las múltiples cámaras en el sitio web de BP y viendo los robots bailan incluso como los ingenieros fallaron. En ese verano caliente me obligarme a caminar 10.000 pasos que debo y luego, lanzas de nuevo a la danza macabra en progreso. Fue matricidio en vivo y en tiempo real. Así, cuando un amigo respondió a mi solicitud con un gancho a una oportunidad de voluntariado en Guatemala que estaba en el avión en menos de 24 horas. Eso fue hace cinco años.

Resultó que todo el lugar estaba floreciendo con oportunidades. Pero, el partido no comenzó hasta Rosa descubrió cómo me use. Ella comenzó modestamente. Me encontraría con 15 niños de la localidad los sábados. En el menor tiempo, que creció hasta convertirse en adolescentes pero Rosa tiene más … se parece a más de 500 en tres pueblos. Sí, ella me mantendrá ocupado hasta que pusieron la tapa hacia abajo y es por esta causa que escribo, humos y rumiar. Vaya por delante, abrir la botella.

Donors Provide Parties for 357 Indigenous Mayans

Rosa & Luisa were very sad. They told me that the women missed cooking together and had begun to ask if there was going to be a party at all. Rosa had not gotten used to this condition and she knew she could not face the kids…

‘Twas the month before Christmas…
And all through three pueblos parents were concerned that the childrens’ parties would not happen because of issues with the NGO that ordinarily provides them. Rosa & Luisa were very sad. They told me that the women missed cooking together and had begun to ask if there was going to be a party at all. Rosa had not gotten used to this condition and she knew she could not face the kids…

But, then, a MIRACLE HAPPENED.

These Donors made the parties happen!!!!

    • Pamela Kirlin
    • Dean Savas
    • Meike Ziegler
    • Ecki Idler
    • Sheila Emery
    • Dagmar Bohn
    • Jana Bailey
    • Jackie Garrido
    • Suzanne Snider
    • Linda & Jack Smith
    • Jean Smith
    • Jim Britt
    • Monica Jordan Linville

3Pueblos-01

SAP1-01

PEN1-01

PAT1-01

clowns-01

cakesTAMALES-01-01

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faces2-01

rosemary

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Rosa Garcia is a woman with a vision.. She is the glue for the three pueblos..Thank you, Rosa
Rosa Garcia is a woman with a vision.. She is the glue for the three pueblos..Thank you, Rosa

Thanks to you, artisan’s, domestic worker’s and tenant farmer’s children got the message that someone cared about them. Over 600 of your youngest friends celebrated the holiday in style..The clowns challenged the kids…They got dizzyand won prizes, Pinatas exploded with sweets, and the Mamas got a day off to eat someone else’s tamales and sweets.
Please, take great pleasure from your gift to these commuities. This year, you made a big difference.

Gracias and Thanks to you all.